We used our National Trust membership to pay for parking and entrance into Dunster Castle (saved about £25 by using our membership). This is a real castle that has survived since 1066 when William the Conqueror gave William de Mohun the area of Somerset to defend. De Mohun built a timber keep that was soon replaced by a stone keep. But by the end of the 14th century the de Mohun family had to sell the house to the Luttrell family. This clever and resourceful family managed to keep the castle until 1976, when they gave it to the National Trust and the people of England. The castle was kept in the same family for over 600 years. They continued to add on and improve the inside of the castle over time.
They only damage from war was incurred in 1650 during the English Civil War. The defensive walls of the castle were torn down by 300 men so that the castle could not be a problem again to Cromwell. This is what happens when you chose to support the wrong side of a civil war. Luckily, the Luttrells convinced the new government to leave the great gatehouse ( medieval construction ) and a couple of wall towers. From the size of the gatehouse you can guess how big the walls were. Here is all that is left on one of the tower walls.The inside of the castle was turned into a Victorian manor house in the 1860s. You can tour the inside of the house and see how upstairs compared to downstairs life. Upstairs, the rooms are large and well furnished. Here is the drawing room where the family would read and talk. There are bell ringers around the room to call the servants upstairs to wait upon them. Here is what that system looked like downstairs in the mud room.You will recognize this bell board from Downton Abbey on TV. Each bell had a slightly different tone and the poor hall boy (who worked cleaning everything in the mud room) would have to run to get the person who needed to respond to the bell. If you look, you will see that there is a pendulum that is attached to the bell. It would swing for about a minute in case the boy did not recognize the tone, or was out of the room for a moment!
Upstairs when there was a dinner party the butler and footmen would set the table. Here is the crystal , china and the silverware at each place setting. There must have been a lot of cleaning up for the scullery maid that night. Here is her sink. If she broke any of that expensive dinnerware it came out of her tiny wages. But she only had 1/2 day off every month, so she did not have much time to spend it anyway. They did eventually install a dumb waiter so the footmen did not have to climb so many stairs. It had to have a steel door because of a fire that happened in another great home. But even if they were rich upstairs, they only had one toilet and one bathtub for the entire castle. It was the first flushing toilet in Somerset. It was an eyeopener to compare how each half lived in the castle/manor home. It was great fun to see it all in person. It was a time of graceful living if you were in the upper class. We were off the next day to Tonbridge for our next pet sitting assignment.